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For centuries the Roman Catholic Church (RCC by its initials) has accommodated scripture and preach different message depending upon who is at the top of the organization. Today, in this 21st century, the RCC defends celibacy rigidly and energetically although the history of the RCC is embedded in an obscure and shameful past. From Scripture we know that most followers of Jesus Christ were married men, yes, including Peter, Soul and many of his disciples. We also know that women had central roles in the first century church. Although not directly written, there are implicit evidence that women presided Eucharist (communion) in the first century. The RCC has opposed to this practice for years based on bias interpretations, and social prejudice. The path of humanity according to God The very first institution created by God was the institution of marriage. According to Scripture He created marriage as a covenant between one man and one woman thus, marriage is good, and it is holy. One of the central purposes of this institution is the procreation, this is, through the sexual union of husband and wife, have children and they will eventually have children and so forth. Matrimony seems to be the natural way of humanity; thanks to this institution, we are here today! However, we need to recognize that matrimony is not for everyone, having children is not for everyone, this is true. We all know someone without the desire to be married or to have children of their own, and that is perfectly correct. From the moment the RCC was formed (380 A.D.) to today’s 21st century, the RCC has produced a long list of decrees around priest celibacy, sex practices and even, at some point, when was not recommended for a priest to have sex with his wife. It was not until ecumenical meetings of the Catholic Church at the First and Second Lateran councils in 1123 and 1139 that priests were explicitly forbidden from marrying. When addressing Celibacy, the image and the role of women in the RCC has played a pivotal part in the discussion and practices of celibacy. Looking at the history of the RCC, one could arrive to the conclusion that for most individuals, celibacy is NOT NATURAL, is not part of God’s plans. If celibacy were completely natural, the RCC would have an exemplary history, at least when it comes to sexual abuse of children and women, unfortunately, in the history of the Roman Catholic Church we find as central objects of importance: money, political power, sex and sexual scandals. A brief history of Celibacy and facts of the Roman Catholic Church
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June 26 2019
Second and Third Century
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Celibacy Is the cause of child abuse in the Roman Catholic Church?
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Age of Gnosticism: light and spirit are good, darkness and material things are evil. A person cannot be married and be perfect. However, most priests were married.
Fourth Century
Fifth Century
Year 401 Augustine of Hippo, a Christian theologian and philosopher from Numida whose writings are considered fundamental for the influence and development of western Christianity, recognized as a Doctor of the Church in 1298 by Pope Boniface VIII, wrote in the year 401 the following statement: Nothing is so powerful in drawing the spirit of a man downwards as the caresses of a woman. This is a hard to digest statement, don’t you think? The first thing that comes to mind is perhaps the question asking what could possible happened in the life of a man to arrive to this conclusion? Evidently, he was not referring to a prostitute, otherwise, he would have used a different word and not the word woman. The man is not an ignorant in Scripture, he is a theologian! He knows that God himself created and instituted matrimony between one man and one woman, thus, matrimony is good! And yet, he positions women almost as an evil creature!
Sixth Century
Year 567-2nd Council of Tours: any cleric found in bed with his wife would be excommunicated for a year and reduced to the lay state. Year 580-Pope Pelagius II: his policy was not to bother married priests as long as they did not hand over church property to wives or children. Year 590-604-Pope Gregory the Great said that all sexual desire is sinful in itself (meaning that sexual desire is intrinsically evil?).
Seventh & Eighth Centuries
Seventh Century France: documents show that the majority of priest were married. Eighth Century St. Boniface reported to the pope that in Germany almost no bishop or priest was celibate.
Ninth Century
Year 836-Council of Aix-la-Chapelle openly admitted that abortions and infanticide took place in convents and monasteries to cover up activities of un- celibate clerics. St. Ulrich, a holy bishop, argued from scripture and common sense that the only way to purify the church from the worst excesses of celibacy was to permit priests to marry.
Eleventh Century
Year 1045- Benedict IX dispensed himself from celibacy and resigned in order to marry. Year 1074-Pope Gregory VII said anyone to be ordained must first pledge celibacy: priests [must] first escape from the clutches of their wives. Year 1095-Pope Urban II had priests wives sold into slavery, children were abandoned. (Naturaly in the name of God! PVC comment)
Year 306-Council of Elvira, Spain, decree #43: a priest who sleeps with his wife the night before Mass will lose his job. Year 325-Council of Nicea: decreed that after ordination a priest could not marry. Proclaimed the Nicene Creed. Year 352-Council of Laodicea: women are not to be ordained. This suggests that before this time there was ordination of women. Year 385-Pope Siricius left his wife in order to become pope. Decreed that priests may no longer sleep with their wives.
Twelfth Century
Year 1123-Pope Calistus II: First Lateran Council decreed that clerical marriages were invalid. Year 1139-Pope Innocent II: Second Lateran Council confirmed the previous councils decree.
Nineteenth Century
Year 1869-First Vatican Council; infallibility of pope.
Twentieth Century
Year 1930-Pope Pius XI: sex can be good and holy. Year 1951-Pope Pius XII: married Lutheran pastor ordained catholic priest in Germany. Year 1962-Pope John XXIII: Vatican Council II; vernacular; marriage is equal to virginity. Year 1966-Pope Paul VI: celibacy dispensations. Year 1970s-Ludmilla Javorova and several other Czech women ordained to serve needs of women imprisoned by Communists. Year 1978-Pope John Paul II: puts a freeze on dispensations. Year 1983-New Canon Law. Year 1980-Married Anglican/Episcopal pastors are ordained as catholic priests in the U.S.; also in Canada and England in 1994.
Popes Who Were Married
St. Felix III 483-492 (2 children) St. Hormidas 514-523 (1 son) St. Silverus (Antonia) 536-537 Hadrian II 867-872 (1 daughter) Clement IV 1265-1268 (2 daughters) Felix V 1439-1449 (1 son)
Popes Who Were Sons of Other Popes, Other Clergy
Name of Pope Papacy Son of St. Damascus I 366-348 St. Lorenzo, priest St. Innocent I 401-417 Anastasius I Boniface 418-422 son of a priest St. Felix 483-492 son of a priest Anastasius II 496-498 son of a priest St. Agapitus I 535-536 Gordiaous, priest St. Silverus 536-537 St. Homidas, pope Deusdedit 882-884 son of a priest Boniface VI 896-896 Hadrian, bishop John XI 931-935 Pope Sergius III John XV 989-996 Leo, priest
Popes Who Had Illegitimate Children After 1139
Innocent VIII 1484-1492 several children Alexander VI 1492-1503 several children Julius 1503-1513 3 daughters Paul III 1534-1549 3 sons, 1 daughter Pius IV 1559-1565 3 sons Gregory XIII 1572-1585 1 son
History sources: Oxford Dictionary of Popes; H.C. Lea History of Sacerdotal Celibacy in the Christian Church 1957; E. Schillebeeckx The Church with a Human Face 1985; J. McSorley Outline History of the Church by Centuries 1957; F.A.Foy (Ed.) 1990 Catholic Almanac 1989; D.L. Carmody The Double Cross - Ordination, Abortion and Catholic Feminism 1986; P.K. Jewtt The Ordination of Women 1980; A.F. Ide God's Girls - Ordination of Women in the Early Christian & Gnostic Churches 1986; E. Schüssler Fiorenza In Memory of Her 1984; P. DeRosa Vicars of Christ 1988. -
Children Sex Abuse in The Roman Catholic Church When it comes to the subject of sexual abuse of minors (girls and boys) by priests, deacons, bishops and other high-ranking individuals of the RCC, the history of the church demonstrates that this issue is not a new phenomenon. Sadly, the RCC has abused children and women for a long time. Thanks to the almost instantaneous access to information we have today, we see news on this topic almost too frequent to our taste. For many observers, the imposition of celibacy to priests and other high-ranking officials of the RCC, is one of the main culprits of child and women sexual abuse, and thus, removing celibacy to priests and other officials is the avenue to stop child and women sexual abuse in the Roman Catholic Church. Would this be true? Remember what St. Ulrich, a holy bishop said way back in the year 836 during the Council of Aix-la-Chapelle, when taken scripture and common sense argued that the only way to purify the church from the worst excesses of celibacy was to permit priests to marry. The argument is that these men follow a difficult style of life, this is, they practice a restriction that is un-natural and thus they experience a tremendous craving to satisfy their sexual desires. If this is the case, why then the abuse of the innocent? Why permanently destroy the lives of thousands of boys and girls? Why not hiring the services of an adult prostitute? Someone outside the community with the capacity to fully alleviate such a craving. They are acting outside the law, they are breaking their celibacy anyway, why not with someone sadly dedicated to sex for sale? Would it be that removing celibacy at the Roman Catholic Church the issue of pedophile may experience a lower incident number? If this is the case, why is that the Roman Catholic Church is not moving towards this objective? Actually, the real hard question is this one: Is there hope of reform for the Roman Catholic Church?